LEADERSHIP OF PROPHET MOHAMMAD S.A.W
The Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) is the last messenger of Allah S.W.T. In his childhood, HE s.a.w gained lot of respect from all over his. community. He (S.A.W) was considered as the most honorable person. He (S.A.W) received first revelations at the age of 40 in Gari-e-hira when Almighty Allah sent Gabriel from the sky and asked him to Say ‘’IQRA’’ the Prophet (s.a.w) was not able to speak the word ‘’IQRA’’ than Gabriel AS again said to him. Oh Prophet Mohammad PBUH you are chosen by Almighty Allah .Allah sent me here to convey you that you are being chosen by your lord for the merciful of human kind. Then the message of humanity was spread towards the whole ARAB and slowly through the Middle East to Africa, Europe, the Indian subcontinent, china and so forth by PROPHET MOHAMMAD S.A.W by his unique communication style.
Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was both a prophet of Allah and a statesman. His leadership was most comprehensive and dynamic. He was the paragon of virtue and spirituality. He was a noble and compassionate teacher, guide, and reformer. He was a family man. Indeed, he was also a political leader. As a political leader the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) unified the Arabian Peninsula, established a great state whose capital was Medina, defeated his enemies, and had most successful military expeditions.
However, his real political leadership was in the realm of morality and spirituality in which he conducted himself perfectly in situations of weakness as well as strength. His way of dealing in Makkah and Medina indicates his great political leadership. As a leader, his leadership was considered most energetic and complete. He (s.a.w) was blessed with immense qualities.
He always helped needy people. He proposed justice to all human kind, whether poor or rich. No one made any complaint against Prophet s.a.w. HE (S.A.W) took great care of people’s economic resources. HE (s.a.w) was attributed with dynamic diplomacy. HE (s.a.w) taught the world diplomacy on the basis of morality and honesty.
His way of preaching was unique and heart touching and masses were impressed by his character and that is why the followers of ISLAM increased at that time. HE (s.a.w) was successful in his leadership because he taught human kind how to live and how to do things in a right way. As a business man HE S.A.W taught how to deal with your partners. As a husband he taught how to behave with your wives. As a father he taught how to remain kind with your kids. As a teacher he taught how to deal with your students and so forth. Every time someone put any type of question in front of him. He always tried to resolve the disputes very smoothly. He was always willing to help others. Allah granted him the special gift to resolve conflicts and disputes. Even before he became the Prophet of Allah, he was able to resolve a major dispute between the people of Makkah. It is reported that the people of Makah were repairing the walls of the Ka`bah. When the time came to place the Black Stone in its place in the southeast corner of the Ka`bah, each tribe wanted to have this honor. Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was asked to be the judge and decide the matter fairly. He resolved this dispute with great wisdom in an amicable way. He spread his own cloak on the ground and placed the Stone upon it. He then asked representatives of each tribe to lift the cloak together. When the Black Stone reached the required height from the ground he went forward and set it in its place. He always wanted to make peace among people. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was a skillful and courageous political leader. His enemies could not scare or intimidate him. He never succumbed to any temptations. The people of Makkah tried to turn him away from his message and mission by offering him a great deal of money or anything that he wanted for himself but with one condition that he would give up his mission. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) very firmly, yet politely, turned down all their offers.
Our prophet pbuh was very kind and polite. He was never rude to anybody. Anas ibn Maalik said, “Whilst we were in the mosque with the Messenger of Allah, a Bedouin came and started urinating in the mosque. The Companions said, “Stop it! Stop it!’ But, the Messenger of Allah said, “Do not interrupt him; leave him alone.” So they left him until he had finished. Then the Messenger of Allah called him and said to him, “In these mosques, it is not right to do anything like urinating or defecating; they are only for remembering Allah, praying and reading Qur`an, or words to that effect.” Then He pbuh commanded a man who was there, to bring a bucket of water and throw it over the (urine), and he did so.” While correcting the Bedouin and pointing out his mistakes, Prophet Muhammad did not speak rudely to him, tell him off or humiliate him in front of others. Rather, Prophet pbuh allowed the man to finish what he was doing, was patient the whole while and made him un
derstand why he was wrong, softening the Bedouin’s heart and cooling the rising tempers of his companions at the same time. How often have we softened others’ hearts with kind words while correcting their mistakes? I think never! Whether it is leadership at work, at home or community activism, the challenge is how you inspire loyalty.
One of the important criteria for loyalty is that you need to give loyalty first before you receive it. If you give loyalty to your spouse, friends or employer you will receive that in return.
Again, let’s think practically. Look at our work place, are we being so loyal to it? Do we committed to the cause because one of the definitions of loyalty is commitment and solidarity? Are we certain of the vision of that particular enterprise and are we giving everything of yourself to that particular position? That is what loyalty is and that is what the Prophet PBUH demonstrated. If we can take that particular aspect of his life and apply it at home and workplaces we will see that we are enacting qualities of prophetic leadership. The Prophet PBUH was very strategic in the exercise of his leaderships. He used strategy in delegation, in selecting and giving tasks to the most appropriate person suitable for that task. He chose Amr Ibn Aas RA to be a commander of an army having only been Muslim for four to six months. The prophet PBUH saw his skills and courage in the Battle of Uhud alongside Khalid Ibn Waleed and he knew his value and worth. Now take this back to a modern business model: you don’t need seniority, length of time and service to be appointed to a position. Age is also not a criteria. The Prophet PBUH focused specifically on capability.
Needless to say, the leadership qualities the Qur’an promotes are not found in most Muslim political leaders today. Consultation has been replaced by dictatorship, whereas mercifulness, kindness, and forgiveness have given way to brutality of harshness. The prophet PBUH was not a transactional leader where he was a boss standing over people ensuring everything was done to the standard required. Instead he was there as a coach and mentor. He helped, assisted and trained people to grow and develop.
Now let’s have a look on our leadership whether it is in the field of administration departments, education departments, or political system no one is being able to take an oath of leadership. Because they lack immense qualities of leadership. Our leadership suffered a great weakness of inferiority. We are witnessed how many scandals had happened in our various departments. Unless and until, our leaders don’t follow the basic teachings of Islam and the Sunnah of our Prophet Mohammad S.A.W. it is hard to proceed in the direction of development.