Conflict within Conflict
Mohammad Ishaq Begh
Kashmir also known as the flash point between three nuclear powers( India, Pakistan and China). All these three nuclear powers have controlled some land of Jammu and Kashmir, but World is realizing only two nations as the controllers of this state and those are India and Pakistan. Being very close neighbors these two countries have fought three wars over the issue of Kashmir, which took thousands of lives of these two nations. And Kashmir itself lost thousands of precious lives over this dispute. The origin of this dispute lies in disintegration of sub continent occurred in 1947, and since then this heaven on Earth became the hell for its habitants. Right from early 90’s all people of this state have witnessed violations of their rights and property because militancy erupted and guerilla war was at the peak. The Kashmiris saw killings, rapes, disappearances and many more because this dispute was not resolved by its stake holders. This problem as we saw gave birth to the militants and pro freedom Hurriyat of this state.
During the past 22 years people saw blood more and the resolving efforts less. This strategy of keeping Kashmir dispute unresolved gave rise to poverty and unemployment.
Aspirations of the common people were buried. No doubt many rounds of talks were held in order to resolve this long pending dispute but no out come has been revealed. After getting independence in 1947, the Prime Minister of India Late Jawaharlal Nehru on 26th of October 1947 said “………..that I should like to make it clear that question of aiding Kashmir in this emergency is not designed in any way to influence the State to accede to India.
Our view which we have repeatedly made public is that the question of accession in any disputed territory or state must be decided in accordance with wishes of people and we adhere to this view, it is quite clear. I have thought it desirable to inform you of situation because of its threat of international complications.\” (Excerpts of telegram dated 26 October 1947 from Jawaharlal Nehru to the British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee). Nehru further says “\”…our assurance that we shall withdraw our troops from Kashmir as soon as peace and order is restored and leave the decision regarding the future of the State to the people of the State is not merely a promise to your Government but also to the people of Kashmir and to the world.\”(Jawahar Lal Nehru, Telegram No. 25, October 31, 1947, to Liaqat Ali Khan, PM of Pakistan).Nehru again said that “\”…….I wish to draw your attention to broadcast on Kashmir which I made last evening. I have stated our government’s policy and made it clear that we have no desire to impose our will on Kashmir but to leave final decision to people of Kashmir. I further stated that we have agreed on impartial international agency like United Nations supervising referendum.\”(Nehru’s reiteration of plebiscite pledge in a telegram to Liaqat Ali Khan, November 03, 1947).
Leaders like Nehru remained in touch with this dispute but time was going on at very high speed. After taking the case of Kashmir to United Nations Late Jawarlal Nehru declared that “Kashmir has been wrongly looked upon as a prize for India or Pakistan. People seem to forget that
Kashmir is not a commodity for sale or to be bartered. It has an individual existence and its people must be the final arbiters of their future.\”(Addressing the All India Congress Committee on 6th July 1951, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India) After Nehru no one tried to come forward to solve this dispute of nuclear flash point. There is a place in Kashmir known as “Siachen Glacier” or the Highest War Field of world. This is the strategic point between India and Pakistan. On Siachen glacier HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India\” \\o \”India\” India and HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan\” \\o \”Pakistan\”
Pakistan have fought intermittently since April 13, 1984. Both countries maintain permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 meters (20,000 ft). More than 2000 people have died in this inhospitable terrain, mostly due to weather extremes and the natural hazards of the mountain warfare. The conflict in Siachen stems from the incompletely demarcated territory on the map beyond the map coordinate known as HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NJ9842\” \\o \”NJ9842\” NJ9842. The 1972 HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simla_Agreement\” \\o \”Simla
Agreement\” Shim la Agreement did not clearly mention who controlled the glacier, merely stating that from the NJ9842 location the boundary would proceed \”thence north to the glaciers.\” UN officials presumed there would be no dispute between India and Pakistan over such a cold and barren region. But Siachen remained a military conflict between HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India\” \\o \”India\” India and Pakistan. Over the disputed HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siachen_Glacier\” \\o \”Siachen Glacier\” Siachen Glacier a cease-fire went into effect in 2003. The conflict began in 1984 with India’s successful HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Meghdoot\” \\o \”Operation Meghdoot\” Operation Meghdoot during which it wrested control of the Siachen Glacier from Pakistan and forced the Pakistanis to retreat west of the HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saltoro_Ridge\” \\o \”Saltoro Ridge\” Saltoro Ridge. India has established control over all of the 70 kilometres long Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers, as well as the three main passes of the Saltoro Ridge immediately west of the glacier— HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sia_La\” \\o \”Sia La\” Sea La, B HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilafond_La\” \\o \”Bilafond La\” elafond La, and HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyong_La\” \\o \”Gyong La\” Gyoang La. Pakistan controls the glacial valleys immediately west of the Saltoro Ridge. According to HYPERLINK \”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TIME_magazine\” \\o \”TIME magazine\” TIME magazine, India gained more than 1,000 square miles (3,000 km2) of territory because of its military operations in Siachen. This is a region were Pakistan spends more than 5 arab rupees and India more than 30 arab rupees on their military personals. Recently a snow avalanche killed almost 140 soldiers of Pakistan in Giary sector of this Siachen Glacier. Only one thing is going on and on and that is the loss of precious lives whether of the Pakistanis or the Indians. So Siachen became a conflict within a conflict. Both these countries should take some bold steps in order to solve the conflict. But here arises a question when Siachen is present in Kashmir which is a conflict of all other conflicts then why Siachen got place with Sarkreek. As sarkreek has no mother conflict that should de discussed and must be discussed for peace , and in order to solve the Siachen they should focus on the mother of all conflicts and that is Kashmir. Because Kashmir solved every thing solved.
Author is Kashmir based political analyst. Email: email@example.com