March 1, 1990: Indian Army massacres leave 47 dead in Kashmir capital Srinagar

 

Srinagar: Memories of the carnages carried out by Army at Zakoora Crossing and Tengpora in the city outskirts 27 years ago are still fresh in the minds of the eyewitnesses and survivors of the tragedy. Forty-Seven unarmed civilians were killed and dozens more injured when the Indian Army soldiers fired indiscriminately on them on March 1, 1990.

Two massacres in a day on March 1, 1990 left 26 dead in Zakoora and 21 at Tengpora Bypass. The Zakoora massacre was carried out when peaceful protesters were on way towards the office of United Nations Military Observers Group on India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) to submit a memorandum-seeking resolution to Kashmir issue.

A detailed account of this massacre appeared in the March 31, 1990 issue of the Economic and Political Weekly of Bombay, which reproduced the text of “India’s Kashmir War” by a team of four members Tapan Bose, Dinesh Mohan, Gautam Navlakha and Sumanta Banerjee of the Committee for Initiative on Kashmir. The Committee members while holding Jagmohan responsible for these massacres wrote that: “Jagmohan’s return to Jammu and Kashmir as governor signaled the unleashing of state repression on a massive scale. The government’s tendency to treat mass demonstrations as the handiwork of Pakistani agents and use indiscriminate force against the people has alienated the Kashmiri public from India and pushed them into the arms of militants. To make matters worse Jagmohan’s identification with the BJP in the popular perception and his pronounced anti-Muslim measures has widened the gulf between Pandits and Muslims in the state.”

The eyewitnesses and the survivors of these twin massacres of March 1, 1990 told CNS that these carnages still send chill down their spine when they try to recount them. “It was a time when people hit roads on daily basis seeking freedom from India. Protests were rocking every nook and corner against the repressive policies of the then Governor Jagmohan.”

“Amid massive pro-freedom slogans over 2000 protesters clad in shrouds were heading towards office of the United Nations to submit a memorandum seeking freedom from India. A convoy of five Army vehicles led by three Junior Commissioned Officers was returning from Sonamarg to Srinagar but found the road blocked near the crossing. After exchanging heating arguments with local police when the later requested them to wait till road gets cleared near Zakoora Crossing, the Army men turned towards the demonstration and allegedly opened fire from three machine guns fitted over the vehicles. Eleven people died on spot while 15 others succumbed to their injuries on way to the Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) Soura. All but 50 other people received bullet injuries,” said eyewitnesses who alleged that the retaliation from Army was unprovoked as protesters had not resorted to any clash or argument with them.

“The local police had little or no control over the affairs of the state that time and same was the case with civil administration and it was the reason civil administration did not visit the spot and the job to ferry injured to hospital was done by local population,” they said and added that Army resorted to unprovoked firing to demean the position and status of local police officials present on the location who had requested them to wait till the protesters passed off the road.

On the same day during evening hours 21 more unarmed people were killed when Army targeted two buses near Tengpora Bypass in Batamaloo area of Srinagar city. The dead included five women. Eyewitnesses said that the passenger buses were on way to South Kashmir when they were targeted. “Some of people were chanting anti-India and pro-freedom slogans on the roof top of these buses. It was their only crime they were targeted.”

The twin massacres sparked widespread protests across Kashmir while authorities imposed curfew to diffuse the volatile situation. The global human rights watchdog Amnesty International issued an appeal for urgent action on Tengpora and Zakoora massacres; however, no action was initiated against anyone. The victim families still await justice. (CNS)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *